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Articles pertaining to political and economic history.

“False Witness” Harvey Matusow

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During the blacklist period, anti-anti-communists cast doubt on the sincerity of red-hunters, arguing that anti-communism was just a means for them to get publicity and money. They even peddled the legend that once Senator Joseph McCarthy was no longer a force to be reckoned after the Senate stripped him of his powers in 1954, he abandoned his red-hunting crusade and tried to get mileage out of promoting civil liberties. But this claim was false. Even with Cold War tensions abating in the mid-50s, McCarthy to his dying day still bellowed about the communist menace, but now to empty chambers. Anti-anti-communists would have been on surer ground had they cited the career of Harvey Matusow. Matusow, who died 15 years ago this month, was an American Communist who informed on the Party to the FBI, became a paid government witness/expert on Soviet infiltration into daily life, and then a whistle-blower on FBI and McCarthy corruption. When Matusow contacted the FBI in 1950, his position in the Communist Party was hardly…

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When Coups Worked

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When then-President John F. Kennedy called for a “flexible response” regarding policy toward the Soviet Union, he was reacting to the policies of the Eisenhower years. Historians have labeled the latter administration’s strategy as “massive retaliation,” which meant that the United States was prepared to empty the silos at communist aggression. Sixty-three years ago this week, John Foster Dulles, Eisenhower’s pick for secretary of state, told Congress during his confirmation hearings, that he not only favored “containing” Soviet Union, but also liberating captive populations behind the Iron Curtain. But the administration had backed itself into a suicidal corner by assuring a rollback strategy that ran the risk of a nuclear exchange. The test case was the communist satellite Hungary. Hungarians, rebelling against Soviet control in a 1956 uprising, made American backing the lynch pin of their strategy. They were soon disabused of Dulles’ promises. When Soviet tanks crushed the rebellion Eisenhower did nothing. By way of contrast, Senator Barry Goldwater had urged the insertion of American troops armed with…

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Wise Girl

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Eleanor Roosevelt called her “neurotic.” Then-President Harry Truman dismissed her testimony as a “red herring.” Anticommunist newspapers, who found her credible, glamorized her as “a shapely blonde.” The former First Lady was closer to the mark about the mental instability of former-spy-turned-government-witness Elizabeth Bentley but wrong on her credibility; Roosevelt regarded Bentley’s accusations that several New Dealers were communist spies as baseless. Anticommunists, wrong on her appearance–she was a dowdy 40-year-old–would be proven correct by history that she was telling the truth, and one group, the FBI, knew it immediately. But one got the sense that conservatives were embarrassed by her. When she died in 1963, National Review mentioned her passing with one paragraph. Her disastrously-titled memoir, Out of Bondage (1952), afforded her only a two-sentence capsule review from Foreign Affairs magazine. By contrast, another ex-spy, Whittaker Chambers, was lionized by conservatives and cautiously admired by anticommunist liberals. When Chambers died in 1961, National Review devoted an entire issue to eulogizing him. Moreover, Chambers was a true intellectual–(he converted to…

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Faking History To Make The Black Kids Feel Good

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A known quantity in the faking department is Rev. Al Sharpton. In a video that gets considerable play on TV, Sharpton informs a rapt audience that “white folks” were cave dwellers when blacks were building empires and pyramids; teaching philosophy, astrology, and mathematics. “Socrates and them Greek homos” were mere copycats, aping black civilization. As revealed in “Helping The Sharpton and Obama Afrocentrism ‘Fade to Black,’” this mythistory has a presence in America’s schools, tertiary and secondary. By now we know that mass media and government under both national parties routinely generate fake news to achieve political ends. That our progressive pedagogues propagandize the youth: That’s well-known and passively accepted, too. Less known is the extent to which fabricated history has been incorporated into curricula. In “Black Athena,” Martin Gardiner Bernal of Cambridge, England, suggested that “Ancient Greece” had been “fabricated,” and that chroniclers of “classical civilization” had concealed its “Afroasiatic roots.” Ditto historian George G. M. James, whose “Stolen Legacy: The Egyptian Origins of Western Philosophy” claims that…

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McCarthy’s Achilles Heel

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An oft-repeated phrase by liberal anticommunists about Joseph McCarthy, that he may as well have been a KGB agent for all the damage he did to the anticommunist cause, inspired Richard Condon to write his Cold War masterpiece, The Manchurian Candidate, a tale of a Soviet sleeper agent directing her brainless headline-grabbing senator husband to destroy Cold War alliances and thus allow a communist takeover of the country. But McCarthy, for all his inability to substantiate any of his charges–a factor that exasperated defenders like William F. Buckley and repelled conservative heavyweights like Whittaker Chambers from supporting him (Chambers would characterize the senator as “a raven of disaster”)–did not fit the role of Condon’s crocodile-like wife. That honor belongs to Roy Marcus Cohn, added to McCarthy’s staff sixty years ago. Ironically, McCarthy hired this son of a liberal Jewish judge to offset any charges of anti-Semitism, but it would be Cohn, not other staff member Bobby Kennedy, the son of the Hitler-appeasing Joe, who would make even more credible…

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CIA Infiltration Of Student Associations

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Early on in her work, Karen Paget notes that many on the sixties’ far left misunderstood liberal anticommunism, and hence lumped it in with the Right. Although she does make distinctions between both varieties of anti-communism, she succumbs to sixties’ era views of the CIA as fascist. She treats her portrayal of the CIA penetration of the National Student Association, from 1950 to its outing by Ramparts in 1967 as a “gotcha” moment, where the very existence of said partnership is in and of itself damning. She does acknowledge that liberals had been burned by student unions dominated by secret communists. Perhaps the most famous dupe of all, First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt in 1939 championed the American Student Union, a coalition of liberals, socialists, and to her ultimate horror, knee-jerk Stalinists, by sitting behind its president, Joseph Lasch, while he was being grilled by the House Un-American Activities Committee, a group tasked with outing secret communists. But the blanket support by closet communists in the ASU (who swore to…

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The Islamic Ties To Hitler

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In his last great battle in a lifetime of dust-ups, the late Christopher Hitchens, in the aftermath of Sept. 11th, coined the term “Islamofascists” to describe and denounce the Muslim world. Linking it to 20th-century fascist movements, Hitchens elaborated: “The most obvious points of comparison would be these: Both movements are based on a cult of murderous violence that exalts death and destruction and despises the life of the mind. (“Death to the intellect! Long live death!” as Gen. Francisco Franco’s sidekick Gonzalo Queipo de Llano so pithily phrased it.) Both are hostile to modernity (except when it comes to the pursuit of weapons), and both are bitterly nostalgic for past empires and lost glories. Both are obsessed with real and imagined “humiliations” and thirsty for revenge. Both are chronically infected with the toxin of anti-Jewish paranoia (interestingly, also, with its milder cousin, anti-Freemason paranoia). Both are inclined to leader worship and to the exclusive stress on the power of one great book. Both have a strong commitment to…

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Waving Lists

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Waving lists is as old as the Republic. But when Senator Joseph McCarthy waved his, 66 years ago, it became much more than the usual political gesture. By waving a list he asserted showing 205 communists currently harbored by the Secretary of State, he worsened an already panicky situation, giving the angry public ready-made answers as to why the country was losing the Cold War while helping foster class divisions in the country and dealing anticommunism a blow that it took decades to recover from. When McCarthy spoke to the Ohio County Women’s Republican Club in Wheeling, West Virginia, a compelling argument could be made that the US was losing the Cold War. For by 1950, Joseph Stalin controlled Eastern Europe, invaded Czechoslokia, and, perhaps the most chilling matter of all, had obtained the A-bomb. Citizens were at a loss as to how the most powerful country in the world could be losing the conflict. There was already a perception that the loss was attributed to the government.

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Uncovering Dashiell Hammett

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With the death of Lillian Hellman in 1984, biographers freed from her threatens of lawsuits and blocked access to primary sources, were finally able to mount a considerable archaeological effort regarding Dashiell Hammett. As a result, they have been able to track down his letters, his screen treatments, and the unpublished stories he wrote or re-wrote or abandoned altogether. With these two collections, The Return of the Thin Man and The Hunter and Other Stories, the well has finally run dry. This begs the question as to whether all this effort was worth it. The immediate answer is yes. As the author of two masterpieces of the detective genre and fiction in general, The Maltese Falcon and The Glass Key, Hammett’s other writings merit study. With them, there is a potential for looking at his development toward these works, and what he intended to write in their aftermath. The long range answer is also yes. Intensely private, his life obscured by Lillian Hellman’s mythification, he let behind some mysteries…

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Standing Or Falling: The Owen Lattimore Case

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“I am willing to stand or fall on this one.” So said Senator Joseph McCarthy, 50 years ago, who was already embattled two months into his investigations, which began in February of 1950 when he waved a list numbering–depending on who you wish to believe, McCarthy or his foes–205 or 57 Communists currently employed in the State Department. The case he was willing to risk his career on concerned Professor Owen Lattimore, a self-described China expert. When China fell to the Communists under Mao Tse Tung in 1949, Republicans–and even some Democrats, Senator John F.Kennedy among them–sought to answer the popular question at the time “Who Lost China?” Many found the answer in the State Department, once the haven of the recently convicted Soviet spy Alger Hiss. Lattimore seemed made to order for this accusation. Lattimore blamed the loss of China on Chiang Kai Shek’s corrupt government and that the Chinese Communists were not controlled by Moscow. From this, McCarthy embellished his charges against Lattimore as “the top Russian…

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Allen Weinstein’s Perjury

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Late President Richard Nixon would call it “gutsy.” Others called it “sisso,” the Finnish word for chutzpah. No matter how it was expressed, they were right about historian Allen Weinstein and his groundbreaking book on the Alger Hiss case published 35 years ago. Today the consensus among scholars is that Hiss was, as two juries proclaimed in 1950, a Soviet spy. But in the 1970s, Hiss was riding high. Watergate allowed him to cast himself as Nixon’s “first victim.” Prior, Nixon had been the Congressional pursuer of Hiss during his testimony before the House of Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC). And as Hollywood celebrated old leftists as merely New Dealers while defending the First Amendment, Hiss got both a martyr and a hero status. In the process, he had even managed to convey a personality, a quality even his supporters at times found lacking. During the trials in 1948 through 1950, Hiss came across as evasive and haughty. His post-prison book, the robotically legalistic In the Court of Public Opinion…

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Eugene Genovese: Politics Of History

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Historian Eugene Genovese has been categorized by pundits as following the familiar trajectory of ex-Stalinists who, having repudiated past allegiance, lurch violently to the Right. Pundits point to his speeches at the Conservative Political Action Committee, and his 1994 confessional, explaining how he and his generation defended Stalin’s murderous policies as evidence of the movement’s nature. But even in the heyday of his Stalinist sympathies, Genovese revealed strains that would eventually overwhelm his radicalism while at the same time keeping him with one foot still in the communist camp. Genovese joined the Communist Party at 15, and was a Party youth organizer in the late 40s and early 50s. A time that turned out to be the Party’s lowest ebb until 1989. But even at this early age, he was a maverick; he was kicked out of the Party for refusing to submit to Party discipline.

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In The End, The Truth Prevails

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In 1984, a nearly broken Winston Smith told his inner-party torturer O’Brien that despite the government’s control over the truth, it would somehow prevail. This was never more true than in the case of Jan Masaryk, who died on January 2nd, 67 years ago. Stroll down in Czechoslovakia today and there is a statue proclaiming “truth prevails, but it is a chore.” Truer words were never spoken. The statue is of Jan Masaryk, former foreign minister of Czechoslokia from 1940 until its absorption into a Soviet satellite in 1948. The truth of his murder was indeed heavy-going. But even before the statue’s erection, Masaryk’s death was for many a hinge event in disillusionment with the Soviet Union.

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Cold War’s Supreme Court

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Cold War scholar Kai Bird once stated that the ultimate sin of McCarthyism was that it did not take into account context. By this he meant that Joe McCarthy was ignoring the defensible, if wrong-headed reasons people became communists in the Great Depression. After all, capitalism seemed to be failing, the Russian 5 year plan seemed to be an economic success, and fascism, seemingly opposed solely by the Soviet Union, was on the rise. For concerned citizens, it appeared that only the Communists were doing anything to fight Adolf Hitler and the Great Depression. But this plea for context has its limits; particularly when the topic is the domestic Cold War of the early 1950s. For the left today, the second Red Scare was either the result of either or both: America plunging into fascism, or a desire to keep the full employment war economy of World War II going. No matter which argument was adopted — and usually they are conjoined — a conspiracy of right-wing extremists populated…

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Algonquin Round Table’s Only Informed Activist

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Members of the Algonquin Round Table considered themselves the most sophisticated thinkers in twenties’ America. Wised up by the tragedy of World War I, in which many members served, they were adepts of mindless leader-worship and self-importance. But by the 1930s several of them succumbed to both idolatry, albeit secular, taking themselves very seriously by becoming committed Stalinists. Dorothy Parker and Donald Ogden Stewart abandoned screwball humor for jokes with a political point and defended every zig and zag of Stalin’s policies, with particular emphasis on supporting his version of the Purge Trials. Not all of the alumni would fall for this line. Herman J. Manckiewiez — Broadway wit and producer of Marx Brothers’ screen comedies, as well as Academy-awarding winning screenwriter of Citizen Kane — would see through communism and political quackery in general, while at the same time exhibiting contradictory traits. Ironic when one considers that he was the most political of the Algonquin group. When the group was navel-watching no further than Broadway, Manckiewiez was denouncing…

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Part Of Our Time

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John Patrick Diggins, a man I consider a mentor, once told me of an encounter he had with liberal journalist Murray Kempton in the 1970s. Kempton knew of Diggins’ work on communists-turned-conservatives. “I see you like to write about people who change their mind,” he said, following up with: “I like to write about people who don’t change their minds.” At the time of the meeting, Kempton had subscribed to “anti-anti-communism,” and readers would expect him to laud communists who stuck to their guns, as he often did. Especially in the case of Stalin suck-up Lillian Hellman. But this was not always so. Sixty years ago, when he sat down to write “Part of Our Time,” a study of American communists during  the 1930s, or their zenith decade, he attacked those who subscribed to the then current view that America was about to be overwhelmed by a fifth-column conspiracy by limiting supporters of Stalin to “a very few.” At the time, he scorned them. Finding them “terribly flawed” for…

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Ron Paul Calls Out United States’ Hypocrisy Over Meddling In Elections

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Fear of the Russians has become apart of American politics and culture again. Just like throughout the Cold War, politicians and the media are now feeding fears that the Russian menace is trying to undermine the American way of life. This year, the allegation is that the Russians interfered with the presidential election. This interference occurred with repeated hacks of Democratic Party officials and entities and subsequent release of the information. This arguably swayed the election cycle, both in the primary and general. Even if it were true the Russians were interfering with our own election, do we have a right to be outraged? Former Congressman Ron Paul, who twice ran for the Republican presidential nomination, said the United States is not in any position to condemn election meddling. In an interview on Fox Business Network, Paul discussed the allegations against the Russians and our own foreign policy.

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Declaration Of Freedom: How a Sixty Year Old Book Can Help The Conservative Movement Find Its Way

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“The crucial feature of our troubled world is its tragic division.” That is the opening statement of Elton Trueblood’s book titled Declaration of Freedom, and those words are just as true now as they were sixty some odd years ago when he first penned them. If there is anything that this past year has made abundantly clear it is that our nation is tragically divided along lines of race, economics, political affiliation, and a host of other issues. We have seen the animosity of Bernie vs. Hillary, Hillary vs. Trump, and Trump vs. pretty much everyone else play out over the past year or more in the press as the Presidential election raged. We have seen the divide between the police and communities of color personified by the Black Lives Matter movement, which quickly devolved into an all out anti-cop hate group. The Occupy movement has stood against the wealthy. The Oregon Occupiers (completely separate movement) stood against the Federal Government and the Bureau of Land Management, the conservative…

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2016: Republicans Won The Battle But Will They Win The War?

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2016 was a great year for the Republican party. Donald Trump won the presidency, they control the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House, most governor’s offices, and most state legislatures. They have truly won the battle, but have they won the war? Properly Provisioning the Troops Results in Military Victory In 1846, the United States and Mexico found themselves in a bitter battle over the boundary between these two countries. General Scott was sent to Mexico to lead the American Army. General Winfield Scott eventually led his army all the way to Mexico City. General Scott received a lot of recognition for was his ability to ensure that the Army always had the supplies it needed to prosecute the war. Scott always anticipated the Army’s needs months in advance and had the supplies at hand when they were needed. It was through his superior handling of logistics that the United States was able to negotiate the borders that were most advantageous for us.

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The Uses And Abuses Of Nietzsche By The Left

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The phrases “will to power” and “Übermensch” carry around with them the stench of Nazism and other forms of fascism; that is, most people associate the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche (1944-1900) with the Right rather than the Left. In the public imagination, the mustachioed madman is an anti-Semite and racial supremacist. On one hand this reputation is deserved because some of his ideas and prejudices do conform to fascist ideology; on the other hand, it is undeserved, because his thought was thoroughly misread and cherry-picked by fascists for their own end. (For this we have Nietzsche’s sister – who promoted her brother’s writings to the Nazis after he went insane – to thank.) But again, Nietzsche’s troubling affair with the Right is not his only association. Often overlooked is his influence on thinkers such as Michel Foucault (1926-1984) and the Frankfurt school of Marxism, most noticeably Theodor Adorno (1903-1969). These thinkers together performed a massive critique of capitalism and social institutions in general, allowing subsequent generations to go on deconstructing…

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The Anti-Communist In The Closet

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Of all the literary critics, Leslie Fiedler might be the one with the most labels attached to him. He has been portrayed as a post-modernist (on the strength of him being the first to utter the word); as a Queer Theorists–his 1948 breakthrough essay–“Come Back To The Raft A’gin Huck Honey”–argued that the relationship between Huck Finn and “Nigger” Jim was homoerotic as were many male bonding relationships in American literature; a New Leftist, despite his age–he was in his 50s during the 1960s– based on police raiding his house and finding marijuana, and his view of Vietnam as the latest instance of America destroying non-whites, traceable all the way back to America’s founding. But the real Fiedler did not fit any of these labels. Despite his joining the Young Communist League while in college during the 1930s, he was a trenchant critic of old shoe Stalinism. He found the Old Left condescending” to “the working class,” its literature, classified as proletarian, as worthless, and its predictions that capitalism…

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Suzanne La Follette: Libertarian Feminist

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Every March, celebrators of Women’s History Month trot out all the usual names to be praised for their iconoclasm: Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Betty Friedan, Gloria Steinham, Hillary Clinton. But forgotten in this old medley is one who was every bit as feminist. Consider the career of the never-celebrated Susan La Follette. She had the same swashbuckling iconoclasm that Gloria Stenhem is celebrated for: she was an author of one of the first books to examine feminism from an economic perspective, an editor on an all-male magazine, and a member of the feminist group The League of Equal Opportunity. Like other feminists, she was pro-Choice, viewed marriage as a form of slavery for women, and praised unwed mothers as the ultimate gesture against male domination.

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Congress Of Cultural Freedom

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Nearly 70 years ago, a breed of Democrat sadly lacking in today’s lineup with the quasi-socialist Barack Obama on one side and the admitted socialist Bernie Saunders on the other, formed an uncompromising anti-communist organization called The Congress of Cultural Freedom. Unlike today’s era of NSA intrusions into privacy, in which Nancy Pelosi declared that Americans supported the curtailing of civil liberties in exchange of being “protected” by government surveillance programs, this organization had a civil liberties, even libertarian bent. One of it founders, Arthur Schlesinger Jr, attacked Communism as a totalitarian government which made the individual “the creature of the state;” he also attacked Lenin from a libertarian angle denouncing the Bolshevik leader for exposing “Marxist socialism to the play of…influences which divested it of its libertarian elements.” Although peopled with conservatives, the actual makeup of the organization was liberal, even socialist. Against those like Schlesinger Jr. who never bought into communism, many were burned by it and brought their knowledge of how it works into the organization,…

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Warren Commission Revisited

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Historians have argued that an event should be studied fifty years after the fact. Only then can it be looked at objectively, as all the evidence should have come in, and those with an axe to grind have died off. At fifty-two years, the Warren Commission looms less large today than it did in 1964. Much of this has to do with Sept. 11th supplanting the Kennedy assassination as the event that provokes among the populace the question “where were you when.” Those who have attacked the Warren Commission back when it was noticed have split into two camps. Both agree it was a snow job but the motives they assign to it differ. For the Oliver Stone crowd, it was the propaganda arm of the military-industrial complex that murdered the “‘dovish” Kennedy. For the more reasonable of this school of thought, they argue that the Commission only pursued that Oswald did it alone to steer the citizenry away from believing it was a communist plot, and thus thwart…

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The Arms Industry War On America

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Recently, the film Man Down premiered in theaters across the United States. The film showcases the negative effects that war has both on the people who serve in them and their families back home. The film has the viewer immersed in the story, and I couldn’t help but leave the film thinking about the problems resulting from American militarism. How is it that we have 200,000 veterans who are homeless? Why do we have one in five veterans ending up with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder? And why are 20 veterans committing suicide a day?   This depressing state of affairs has resulted from a country and a culture that glorifies war from the time a child is young to the time he is of age to join. The men that go to war are praised for being patriotic, yet when they come home from the war effort, they are forgotten and often spit upon by society. Ask any veteran who has tried to get their government-run health care from the…

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Sell Outs

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Seventy one years ago, FDR bequeathed to presidency-hungry Republicans a campaign issue, courtesy of the Yalta conference. The conservative argument about this wartime meeting ranged from FDR being sick and taken advantage of by a robust, manipulative Stalin; or that FDR’s secession of Eastern Europe to the Soviet dictator was further proof of the president’s pro-communist sympathies. Liberals in the bourgeoning Cold War countered that there was little the Americans could do about Eastern Europe short of a war with the largest land army on earth. They also stated that it was the Russians who did not live up to their agreement to hold democratic elections. A new book by conservative author M. Stanton Evans and former counterintelligence expert Herbert Romerstein adopts the “Roosevelt was sick” argument while at the same time highlighting the pro-communist sympathies of those New Deal officials hovering around him. In their view, it was not only Stalin that took advantage of Roosevelt’s declining mental capacities, but Americans.

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William Colby: “Liberal” CIA Director

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Since the 1974-75 Church Committee investigations into CIA illegality. the image of the Agency has wavered between inept bunglers or hyper-secretive fanatics operating as a shadow government. (Usually these perceptions are divisible by age. The former is attributed to the young who chastised the Agency for not preventing 9-11; the latter, composed of the 60s’ Left who blame the CIA for everything from the Kennedy assassination to the crisis in the Ukraine). Certainly there is some credence in both. The Agency’s assassination tools to kill Castro–exploding cigars, beard-destroying drugs, toxic wet suits–were the last word in musical comedy. At times, the CIA has acted as a “state within a state,,” hiding its CIA-Mafia plots against Castro from Congressional Oversight committees (i.e Allen Dulles didn’t even mention these to his fellow Warren Commission members) and having a tendency to “lose” requested files from Congress. But the CIA director at the time of the hearings William Egan Colby, born ninety years ago, always defied these categorizations. His Operation Phoenix, a CIA…

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Orwell And Hitler

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Throughout his life, George Orwell was labeled a fascist by the Communist Left. Reviewing 1984, Harry Politt, head of the British Communist Party, characterized Winston Smith as a Nazi, based on his willingness when asked by O’Brian, who was masquerading as a rebel against Big Brother, if he would murder a child for the revolution. Today, leftist critics have continued this accusation. Of particular importance to their indictment was Orwell”s “list,” which he gathered during the war privately as to who he believed would act as a quisling should the Soviets invade Great Britain. In 1949, he turned said list over to British intelligence. Alexander Cockburn, writing in the Nation, offered this as proof that Orwell was a budding McCarthyite, waving his own red-baiting list, as did the Senator, and acting as a government snoop.

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Loving Stalin

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Next month, many in the former Soviet Union will follow a recent tradition of lauding Josef Stalin on his birthday–Dec. 18, 1878. Three years ago, the statue of the dictator was dismantled by the Russian government, an action supported by the current Georgian government. Now the Russian government has rebuilt the statue. Past celebrators of Stalin have indicated their lingering love of the dictator.. Georgian resident Phatima Patishvili said, ‘I came here because I love Stalin and I love my people. I remember when I was 12 how my grandmother was weeping when Stalin died.’” Stalin was also celebrated in Moscow by hundreds of Russian communists who laid flowers at Stalin’s grave in Red Square. Despite all the recorded murders, Stalin’s popularity has been climbing in Russia of late. Supporters, usually of the aged sort, remember the good old days as ones of comforting security. It is hard not to read in this a case of “Stockholm syndrome,” in which the hostage falls in love with their guard. Given…

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Dasheill Hammtt And The Long View Of History

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In a scene the Left loves to replay as one of its heroic and clarifying moments, witness Dashiell Hammett replied to interrogator Joe McCarthy’s question over the matter of whether banning communist authors from overseas military libraries would be an effective way to fight communism: “If I were fighting communism, I wouldn’t allow people to read at all.” It’s easy to see why the Left drags this comment out in any retrospective remembrance of the witch hunt days. Implicit in Hammett’s comment is the notion that unpoliced reading leads inexorably to communist–read progressive–sympathies. One wonders if Hammett was being autobiographical in his reply. Was one of those many afternoons, with wife and children in the park, of him poring over every available book in the Seattle public library what lead him to lifelong Stalinism? Or was it during strike-breaking days as a Pinkerton in employ of the bosses? Or undercover in a jail cell with fist-raisers? Or did the reading merely solidify what he learned on the job? Fifty-five…

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Hollywood Anticommunists During The Golden Age

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Once upon a time, Hollywood conservatives did not hide in the closet, recoiling at pro-Communist influence in Hollywood but keeping their criticisms private. Instead they organized and publicly proclaimed their allegiance to the Constitution. Their organization was called The Motion Picture Alliance for The Preservation of American Ideals, founded seventy years ago. The tide was against them, and was as formidable as the one today that drives conservatives underground. 1943 was the high tide of communist influence in Hollywood owing to the Soviet Union being an ally of the United States against Hitler. Films glorifying the Stalin regime such as Mission to Moscow (which supported the Purge Trials), Song of Russia (dancing in the Soviet streets), and the North Star (which studio head Sam Goldwyn joked as painting such a rosy picture of the Soviet Union that “Stalin watched it when he was depressed”) were onscreen.

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Charlie Chaplin The Peace Monger

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Charlie Chaplin is unique among Hollywood legends for being awarded both an honorary Oscar and the Communist International Peace Prize. The first award was given to him for being a pioneer of motion pictures, but he is no less the pioneer in his politics. His support for communist dictators while preaching free speech and tolerance was a forerunner of Left Coast Hollywood today. In his lifetime he repeatedly denied being a communist, stating that he was too wealthy to ever want to be one. Instead he labeled himself “a peace-monger” and supporter of individual rights. Whatever sympathies he had for the Soviets, he asserted, were confined to the war years when Russia was helping defend US democracy against Hitler.

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“Demanding a Recount” William F. Buckley’s 1965 Campaign For Mayor Of New York

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In the film Annie Hall, Woody Allen, a New York –actually Upper West Side–lover if there ever was one, complained of how the image of New York to the rest of the country was that of a “homosexual, left wing, communist” city. He followed up with, “even I live here and I sometimes think that.” And homosexuality aside, the far Left did dominate the city. When I lived there, I noticed that the political spectrum veered so far to the Left that my professors considered uber-Democrat and New Deal champion Arthur Schlesinger to be a “conservative.” To argue that these features were a holdover from the late Sixties’ generation slights just how the city has always been this way, and hence has never been hospitable to a true conservative. To run as one, even fifty years ago, took courage, or at least a thick skin, as such a candidacy guaranteed catcalls, boos – even the possibility of violence – in addition to an overwhelming loss. Enter William F. Buckley,…

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Errol Flynn: Hollywood Dupe

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Today, those who have witnessed nearly 50 years of A-list stars such as Jane Fonda, Sean Penn, Ed Asner, and Danny Glover fall head over heels for Communist dictators, pine for the patriotic 1930s and 40s, where movie stars like Jimmy Stewart and Clark Gable found something worthwhile in America to take up arms for. Those who did join or fellow-travel with the American Communist Party were hardly A-list actors, but either B-level stars like Lloyd Bridges, Larry Parks or character ones such as Lionel Stander, Gayle Sondergard, and Howard De Silva. Even the Party’s greatest recruits, the screenwriters, only had one A-lister among them: the boringly Stalinoid Dalton Trumbo. Hence, those who truly were worthy to be in the top tier of Hollywood’s Golden Age were hardly the stuff of dupes. Save one. When Errol Flynn died in 1959, the image he left behind was that of the undisputed King of the Swashbuckler movies and the “king” of hedonistic living (coroners diagnosed the state of Flynn’s 50 year…

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What Could Have Been

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An unshakable tenet of those who still carry a torch for John F. Kennedy, elected 65 years ago today, is not what he did while in office, but what he would have done had Lee Harvey Oswald missed. According to those of the Grassy Knoll school of thought, chiefly but not exclusive to Oliver Stone, Kennedy would have ended the Cold War in his second term, and thus spared the country the civil war between the “Greatest Generation” and the “Baby Boomers” over Vietnam. But one doesn’t have to be of the paranoid school to embrace such extrapolated certainties. Arthur Schlesinger Jr., one of the chief spear-carriers of the Kennedy-as-dove school confidently asserted that Kennedy would indeed have withdrawn the advisers from Vietnam in his second term. But as Ira Stoll has effectively shown in his book, JFK: Conservative, Kennedy was hardly a dove. Rather than come to some peaceful arrangement with Castro in his last months, Kennedy was, in actuality, increasing efforts to overthrow, even murder the dictator. Two…

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Wisconsin And Michigan Recounts And The Story Of Yellow Journalism

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Over the last week, I have visited five counties in two states as a part of the team of attorneys representing Donald Trump in the Wisconsin and Michigan recounts. Based on my observations, there was no widespread fraud in the 2016 elections. Almost every day, I would receive a message from one of my friends who would forward an article that they had seen on the internet. The article would make some sort of allegation of widespread fraud or abuse that demonstrated that some party was caught cheating and that the results would have a major impact on the elections. On a couple of occasions, the accusations made occurred in the county where I had just been observing all day long. I was able to tell those individuals categorically that no such fraud or abuse was happening. These sensational news stories that have been circulating the internet during the recount demonstrate that the United States is going back to the days of Yellow Journalism. The headlines of these articles…

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Pearl Harbor And How Capitalism Won The War

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On December 7, 1941, the United States of America was drawn into war with Japan. 75 years ago, Japan bombed the military installations at Pearl Harbor taking the lives of thousands of Americans. Pre-Pearl Harbor Economic Situation After World War I, the United States and its allies entered into the Washington Naval Treaty. This Treaty was to ensure that an arms race was curtailed. The treaty limited the size of each nation’s navy. While Japan was permitted to have a Navy significantly larger than either France or Italy, Japan felt snubbed because their Navy was not permitted to be as large as either the United States or Great Britain. It did not matter that the United States had two different oceans to defend, the national pride of Japan was hurt. This resentment grew, and as time passed the young men who saw their country snubbed by the Washington Naval Treaty became senior officers in the military. Rather than seeing the United States as the partner that they fought beside in…

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Today In History: Cicero Is Assassinated

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December 7, 43 BC What does it take to be a philosopher-statesman? To dedicate one’s life to public service, to approach the issues of the day with a level head, to remain reasonable in the face of radicalism, and, above all, to carry your convictions through to their logical end, even if it costs your life? Marcus Tullius Cicero lived to see the greatest political moments in western history over the course of his 63-year life and his political, legal, and academic careers spanning nearly as long. But he didn’t just see it. He was an integral part of it. He served in the highest offices of the late Roman Republic, including the Consulate (chief executive) and the Senate, when he wasn’t finding spare time to translate into Latin, summarize, and write commentaries on the classic works of the Greek philosophers and craft a few philosophical tomes of his own. His writings on the Republic and the Laws remain to this day, in this author’s humble opinion, essential reading…

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Why Pardoning Edward Snowden Is Important To American History

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Over the last several years, the debate over whistleblowers in society has intensified. Former NSA contractor Edward Snowden currently lives in exile, unable to return home because of what he leaked. While in all technicality he did break the law, sometimes morality is greater than legality. The programs he exposed confirmed the suspicions of many and painted a more vivid picture of the nightmares we long imagined. We are being watched like criminals without a criminal conviction, our data is being intercepted as if we’re terrorists without committing a terrorist act, and all of this information is being stored without any legal authorization.

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Still Cold

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In a 1993 foreword to his classic, The Spy Who Came In From the Cold (1963), Le Carree, who, in his role as an agent for the Secret Intelligence Service was stationed in Berlin when the Wall went up, declared it a symbol of “an ideology gone mad,” guarded by “brainwashed little thugs.” For those who knew of his works, this was startling, for his metier had always been the moral equivalence between the Soviet Union and Great Britain.

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Manchuria Revisited

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When Richard Condon, a former publicist for Walt Disney, sought a theme to unsettle late 50s America, arguably the calmest period of the Cold War, he didn’t resort to nuclear war. Instead, he backtracked to the early 1950s, when every headline showed the exposure of one more Soviet Spy in the halls of power. This formidable fear competed with brainwashing, a technique pioneered by the Chinese during the Korean War. While the communist-in-government theme disturbed America and led many to support the housecleaning Joseph McCarthy promised, it posed the same terror as brainwashing. The notion of working America that treachery was exclusive to Ivy League elitists like Alger Hiss was dispelled when they saw melting pot American soldier spouting anti-American rhetoric while surrounded by their Chinese guards. No longer could the patriotism of the ordinary joe be considered impervious to the fiendish Yellow Peril that Americans thought had been destroyed in 1945. Alone, these fears were cringeworthy. But Condon conjoined them, while at the same time making a powerful…

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McCarthy And His Enemies

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Even in 1954, it took quite a bit of courage to write a book supporting Senator Joe McCarthy’s investigations into communist infiltration of the American government. Although the common people (later called the “silent majority”) supported him, the intellectual class did not. Dwight MacDonald called him “the most dangerous demogague” in the United States. Former Presidential Candidate Adlai Stevenson called the Senator’s crusade a “reign of terror.” President Truman compared him to a politician doing the work of the Kremlin (this perception would help kick-start Richard Condon’s The Manchurian Candidate). Even conservatives like Whittaker Chambers called the Senator “a raven of disaster.” When McCarthy and his Enemies appeared it was tarred with the same brush used against the Senator. Dwight MacDonald likened the authors’ rationalizations of McCarthy’s behavior to how fellow travelers in the 30s glossed over Stalinist brutality. Even using the book as a favorable source today earns an onslaught. Ann Coulter, Arthur Herrman, and Stanford Evans, capitazing on de-classified documents showing Alger Hiss and Julius Rosenberg were…

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The Cohn-Schine Pratfalls

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An oft-repeated phrase by liberal anticommunists about Joseph McCarthy, that he may as well have been a KGB agent for all the damage he did to the anticommunist cause, inspired Richard Condon to write his Cold War masterpiece, The Manchurian Candidate, a tale of a Soviet sleeper agent directing her brainless headline-grabbing senator husband to destroy Cold War alliances and thus allow a communist takeover of the country. But McCarthy, for all his inability to substantiate any of his charges–a factor that exasperated defenders like William F. Buckley and repelled conservative heavyweights like Whittaker Chambers from supporting him (Chambers would characterize the senator as “a raven of disasater”)–did not fit the role of Condon’s crocodile-like wife. That honor belongs to Roy Marcus Cohn, added to McCarthy’s staff sixty years ago. Ironically, McCarthy hired this son of a liberal Jewish judge to offset any charges of antisemitism, but it would be Cohn, not other staff member Bobby Kennedy, the son of the Hitler-appeasing Joe, who would make even more credible…

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The Jeffersonian Secessionist Tradition

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Thomas Jefferson, the author of America’s July 4, 1776 Declaration of Secession from the British empire, was a lifelong advocate of both the voluntary union of the free, independent, and sovereign states, and of the right of secession. “If there be any among us who would wish to dissolve this Union or to change its republican form,” he said in his first inaugural address in 1801, “let them stand undisturbed as monuments of the safety with which error of opinion may be tolerated where reason is left to combat it.” In a January 29, 1804 letter to Dr. Joseph Priestley, who had asked Jefferson his opinion of the New England secession movement that was gaining momentum, he wrote: “Whether we remain in one confederacy, or form into Atlantic and Mississippi confederacies, I believe not very important to the happiness of either part. Those of the western confederacy will be as much our children & descendants as those of the eastern . . . and did I now foresee a…

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The Lesson America Never Learned From The Internment Camp Precedent

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There has been a great deal of attention during the recently-concluded election cycle about the supposed racism of President-elect Donald Trump. The talk of a southern border wall and making Mexico pay for it, rapists and murderers trickling in from Mexico, and a Muslim ban have been huge contributing stories this cycle. It was for these reasons that many not only expected the Republican President-elect to fail, but to fail miserably. Donald Trump is now the President-elect, however.

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The Fight Against Communism Is Far From Over

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The world is a better place now that  former Cuban dictator Fidel Castro has died.  One more dirty commie has been physically removed from the earth, so to speak. Unfortunately for the world, communism is still lurking and waiting for yet another chance to strike the evil capitalist pigs (such as libertarians) of the world and the United States specifically. We live in a country today that has prominent athletes wearing shirts with the likes of Che Guevara and Fidel Castro, for crying out loud!   This one fact shows us that the world has not learned from the sheer magnitude of communism’s  massive death count. Communists have killed 94 million people collectively. It is the most murderous political philosophy known to man and yet, for some odd reason, millennials and their college professors alike still rock communism like a washed up  football star rocks his  high school jersey at 45 years old, yearning for that lost feeling. The only difference is that the old high school star actually…

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Don’t Want a ‘Muslim Registry?’ Abolish The Census

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Japanese internment camps, census, bureau, muslim registry

People on the Internet have lost all but one of their collective screws this past week. Again. As President-elect Donald Trump met with Kansas Secretary of State Kris Kobach — a potential pick for the head Department of Homeland Security — the Internet lit up with the leaked contents of their meeting, triggering another round of talks concerning a possible “national registry” of Americans or immigrants who subscribe to Islam. While Kobach’s plan involves the George W. Bush-era National Security Entry-Exit Registration System (NSEERS) — a system that remained in place under President Barack Obama until 2011 (only to be replaced with a more comprehensive program) — few caught up to the fact NSEERS only involves the collection and crosschecking of data pertaining to immigrants coming to the United States from Muslim-majority countries. But as news sources ran with the story that Trump could eventually turn this into a registry of American Muslims and immigrants already living in the country, the President-elect’s spokesman Jason Miller reassured the public that no,…

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Ravens Of Disaster

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When mentioned today, Whittaker Chambers is known solely for his testimony outing former State Department Official Alger Hiss as a Soviet spy. Because this occurred during, arguably the height of the Cold War, 1948-1950, Chambers seems a dated figure, having little to tell us in an era where the enemy is not situated in one country. One could argue for his relevance in that he, in his reduction of the Cold War down to a contest between those who have “faith in Man” (communists) and those who possess “faith in God,” was one of the founding members of social conservatism. But it is in his role as a canny strategist who advised then-Vice President Richard Nixon (who was the chief hunter of Hiss during the hearings), and William F. Buckley that he is relevant for the age of Trump.

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Exorcising Jefferson

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When I was a graduate student at a New York university, Thomas Jefferson was detested by the faculty, while his bête noire Alexander Hamilton was not. Given their animus to anything Southern, and their heresy hunts for “racism,” I was not surprised. As expected, his slave-holding was a target. But what really rankled “conservative” professors were his attempts to stymie big government capitalism as represented by Alexander Hamilton. His insistence on individual liberty was attacked by said professors–“rhetorical finery” as one put it–as an obstacle to the establishment of a federal government organized for profit. This smoothly running operation was not just for the ordinary citizen to increase their means, but it was also intended for politicians. What is today attacked as “special interest” politicians, who governed on behalf of the businesses they had investments in, was lauded by these academics. In point of fact, they were correct about Jefferson as an impediment, as he denounced such selective representation as violating the idea of politicians selflessly representing everyone.

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A Skeptic In The Foxhole

in Culture/History by

It is said there are no atheists in foxholes. In the case of literary critic and bloodied World War II vet Paul Fussell, the politically correct don’t inhabit the trenches, either. For him, a lifelong skepticism and refusal of sloganeering was born the moment he, a 20 year old infantry soldier, engaged in combat and was subsequently wounded in France in 1944. From then on, he fought a new war, not one of bullets, but one of words against formula merchants who eschewed complexity and irony. Professor Fussell is perhaps best known for his National Book Award winning The Great War and Modern Memory. It was highly praised by such literary heavyweights as Lionel Trilling. By 1975, attacking the Great War was a given. But Fussell’s thesis was original. He argued, through the diaries of participants, that trench warfare gave birth to the modern age as we know it. In short, “romanticism” that had dominated the European Continent for decades was shot away in a war that had no…

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